LOS CURSOS DE INGLES
GRATIS PREFERIDOS POR LOS HISPANOHABLANTES
SAILS TO STEAM
this paragraph about the history of ships, and put the verbs in brackets in the SIMPLE PAST.
centuries sail power
(move) the people of the world. While ship
designs improved and sail plans changed, seamen
(be) always at the whims of the wind. In
1820 the little sailing packet, Savannah, was fitted with a steam engine and
made the first powered crossing of the Atlantic, although sails were used more
than the paddle wheels.
It was not until 1840 that a regular transatlantic steamship line
(begin). The Britannia introduced service
between England and America and soon the name of "Samuel Cunard" would
be known around the world. By the 1860's there were numerous "steam packet
companies", some more successful than others. At times a good clipper ship
(can) still cross faster than a steamer.
For the remainder of the 19th century,
(get) larger and paddle wheels
(give) way to a propeller, but sails were
still carried. Early steam engines were not very reliable and often the sails
(be) needed to get the vessel back to port.
(see) a true transition from sails to steam.
Larger ships had two propellers and more powerful engines. Sails were carried
but now they
(be) more for tradition than function. In
1889 the beautiful liner, City of Rome,
(have) masts with sails and a clipper bow.
At the same time Cunard was building the Campania and Lucania. The largest
liners of their day, these ships had huge funnels and the "Ocean Liner"
design that would be seen on the Atlantic for the next 50 years.